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柿子苗的嫁接知识

发布时间:2018-11-12 11:53:38作者:鼎旺苗木tags: 柿子苗

柿子苗的嫁接知识

SHIZIMIAOJIAJIEFANGSHIYINSHULINGERYI。DUIYUZHENMUZHUGANZHIJINGZAI4cmYIXIADESHU,KECAIYONGDIJIEFANGSHI;DUIYUZHENMUZHUGANZHIJINGZAI4cmYISHANGDESHU,KECAIYONGGAOJIEFANGSHI。CAIYONGDIJIEFANGSHIDE,KEZAIZHENBENZHUGANSHANGJUDI10—15cmDEGUANGHUACHUJIAJIE;CAIYONGGAOJIEFANGSHIDE,DUIGUGANZHISHUPIWEICUPIHUADE,KEJIANGJIAJIEBUWEIFANGZAI3—5NIANSHENGDEZHIDUANSHANG,JIEKOUYAOZAIFENZHISHANG10—15cmDEGUANGHUACHU,JIEZHISHULIANGYIJUSHUGUANDAXIAOQUEDING,YIBANWEI5—25GE。DUIGUGANZHISHUPIYICUPIHUADE,KEXIANXINGGENGXINXIUJIAN,JIANGGUGANZHIYUZHICUZHIJING5—15cmCHUJUDUAN,DUANMIANYAOZAIFENZHISHANG20—60cmCHU,WEIFANGFULAN,DUANMIANSHANGYINGTU843KANGFUJIDENGBAOHUJI。JINGGUOGENGXINXIUJIANHOU,SHUTIDANGNIANMENGFADALIANGDEZHITIAO,GENJUSHENGZHANGQINGKUANG,XUANHAOJIAJIEZHI,YINIANCHUNJIJINXINGJIAJIE。

柿子苗嫁接方法很多,其中主要的有劈接、芽接。劈接法在嫁接时应注意接穗削面长度不能过短,应为3—4cm,要求外厚内薄,上厚下薄,削面平滑;另外砧木断面要削平,劈口一定要齐;插接穗时,砧穗形成层要对齐; 绑扎时,要严、紧、密; 嫁接动作要快。

1、CAIJIJIESUI:ZAISHUYEWEILIUDONGYIQIANCAIJIJIESUI(DUOZAIJIAJIEQIANYIGEYUE),CAIJIYINIANSHENGZHUANGSHIZHITIAO,SHIZIMIAOYAZIBAOMAN,WUBINGCHONGHAI。JIANGJIESUIZHANLABAOCUNYU5DUYIXIADEDIWENCHU。YEKEZHIJIEDAKUNZAIBEIYINCHUHUODIJIAONEISHAZANG。ZHIJIESHIJIANZAISANYUEZHONGXUNZHISIYUESHANGXUN,WOSHENGBEIBUDIQUSHAOWAN。JIAJIESHI,JIESUIBUNENGFAYA,XUEMIANSHANGBAOLIU3~4GEBAOMANYA。

2、ZHIJIE ZHIJIEYOUPIJIEHECHAPIJIELIANGZHONGFANGFA:PIJIE SHUYEWEILIUDONGQIANKEYONGPIJIE,JIEDUANXIANMU,YUJIEMIANCHUIZHIZONGPIYIDAO,XUEJIESUILIANGMIANCHENGXIEXING,JIANGCHASUICHARU,ZHISHAOYICEXINGCHENGCENGXIANGDUI。RUOXIANMUCU,KEZAIQIEKOULINGYIDUANZAICHAYIGENJIESUI,SHIYICEXINGCHENGCENGDUIQI。

柿子苗的嫁接知识

3、CHAPIJIE SHUYELIUDONG(LIPI)HOU,DUOYONGCHAPIJIE。JIESUIXUECHENGMATIXING,XUEMIANZHANG2LIMIYISHANG,YAOPINGZHENGGUANGHUA,XIANGDUIDEYIMIANXUECHENGXIAOMATIXING,ZHANG0.3~0.5LIMI,SHIXIADUANCHENGXIEXING,BIANYUCHAJIN。SHIZIMIAOZAIJIAJIEBUWEIJIANGXIANMUJIEDUAN,ZAIPINGHUADEYIMIANKAIYI1~2LIMIDESHUDAOKOU,SUIJIBAXUEHAODEJIESUICHARU,SHAOLUBAI。SUIHOUYONGSULIAOTIAOBANGJIN、BANGYAN。

4、YAJIE YAJIEZAI6~7YUEFENJINXING,DUOYONG“T”ZIXINGYAJIE、FANGKUAIYAJIE。SHISHUZHITIAOHANDANNING,CHUANGSHANGCHURONGYIYANGHUABIANSE,YINGXIANGCHENGHUO,SUOYIYAOQIUYIZUIKUAIDESUDUWANCHENGJIAJIE。

柿子苗嫁接后要及时抹除砧木上萌发的嫩芽,一般5—7天1次,直到接芽旺长,砧木不再发生萌芽为止。当新梢长到30cm以上时,解除绑缚物,并将新梢拢缚在支柱上,以防风折。当新梢长到60—80cm时,在枝长1/3或1/4的半木质化处摘心,以保发分枝;分枝长到30—40cm时再摘心,以促进树体极早成形。

柿子苗枝条分类

柿枝条分为结果枝、生长枝(发育枝)和徒长枝、细弱枝、结果母枝。发育枝又叫生长枝,是由1年生枝上的叶芽正常萌发,多年生枝上的潜伏芽、副芽遭受刺激后萌发而成,不能形成花芽。柿子苗发育枝各节着生叶片。叶腋间有芽,但不着生花。另外,分化不完全的花芽萌发的枝条(分化完全的抽生结果枝),其下部形成盲节,而上部腋芽饱满,这种枝也为发育枝.发育枝的长度很不一致,长的可达40~50厘米,而短的只有3-5厘米。