上海11选5

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常见梨树病虫害以及防治方案

发布时间:2020-06-15 15:12:24作者:苗木tags:

常见梨树病虫害以及防治方案

1、果树根朽病

ZHENGZHUANG:GENXIUBINGYOUCHENGGENFUBING,ZAIPINGGUO、LI、TAO、LI、XING、ZAO、HETAO、SHIDENGGUOSHUSHANGJUNYOUFASHENG,ZAOCHENGGENBUPICENGFULAN,QINGZHEDAOZHISHUSHISHUAIRUO,ZHONGZHEZAOCHENGZHIZHUKUSI。QIZHUYAOZHENGZHUANGTEDIANSHI:PICENGYUMUZHIBUJIANJIPICENGNEIBUCHONGMANBAISEZHIDANHUANGHESEDEJUNSICENG,JUNSICENGQIANYUANCHENGSHANZHUANGXIANGWAIKUOZHAN,JUYOUNONGLIEDEMOGUWEI。

GENXIUBINGJUNZHUYAOZAITIANJIANBINGZHUJIBINGCANTISHANGYUEDONG,SUIBINGCANTIKECUNHUODUONIAN。BINGJIANGENJIECHUJIBINGCANTIYIDONGSHIBINGHAICHUANBOMANYANDEZHUYAOFANGSHI。

上海11选5FANGFA:FAXIANBINGSHUHOUCHEDIGUACHUHUOQUCHUBINGZUZHI,BINGJIANGBINGCANTICHEDIQINGCHUGANJING,JIZHONGXIAOHUI。ERHOUZAISHANGKOUCHUTUMO77%DUONING100~200BEIYE、HUO60%TONGJIA100~200BEIYEDENGYAOJIJINXINGXIAODU(CANKAOYU《PINGGUOBINGCHONGHAIZHENDUANYUFANGZHIYUANSETUJIAN》6YE)。BUNENGZHAODAOFABINGBUWEIDE,KEYONGDIMIANDAKONGGUANSHIFUERMALINDEFANGFAJINXINGXUNZHENGZHILIAO。

2、果树紫纹羽病

ZHENGZHUANG:ZIWENYUBINGZAIPINGGUO、LI、TAO、LI、XING、ZAO、HETAO、BANLI、SHIDENGGUOSHUSHANGJUNYOUFASHENG,QINGZHESHUSHISHUAIRUO,ZHONGZHEDAOZHIZHIZHUKUSI。GAIBINGDUOCONGXIZHIGENKAISHIFASHENG,ZHUJIANMANYANZHICEGEN、ZHUGENJIGENJINGBU。QIZHUYAOZHENGZHUANGTEDIANSHI:BINGGENBIAOMIANCHANRAOYOUXUDUODANZISEMIANXUZHUANGJUNSIHUOJUNSUO,YOUSHIXINGCHENGANZISEDEHOURONGTANZHUANGJUNSIMO;BINGGENPICENGFULAN,MUZHIBUFUXIU,YOUNONGLIEDEMOGUWEI,DANSHUANPIBULANCHENGQIAOZHUANGTAOYUGENWAI。

上海11选5ZIWENYUBINGJUNZHUYAOZAITIANJIANBINGZHU、BINGCANTIJITURANGZHONGYUEDONG,GUOYUANNEIZHUYAOTONGGUOBINGJIANGENJIECHUJIBINGCANTIHEDAIJUNTURANGDEYIDONGJINXINGCHUANBO,YUANJULICHUANBOWEIDAIJUNMIAOMUDEDIAOYUN。GUOYUANNEIJIANZUOGANSHU、HUASHENG,RONGYIDAOZHIGAIBINGDEFASHENGYUMANYAN。

FANGFA:DUJUESHIYONGDAIBINGMIAOMU,BUNENGPANDUANMIAOMUSHIFOUDAIJUNSHI,KEYONG77%DUONINGHUOGAOXIN400~500BEIYEJINMIAO3~5FENZHONGXIAODU。BINGSHUGUACHUBINGZUZHIHOUSHANGKOUTUMODUONINGHUOGAOXIN100~200BEIYE、HUOJIAJITUOBUJIN100~200BEIYEDENG。YEKESHIYONGDUONING500~600BEIYE、HUOMEIPAIAN500~600BEIYE、HUOTONGJIA400~500BEIYEDENGYAOJIJIAOGUANBINGSHUGENQU,JINXINGMIEJUNZHILIAO。

3、梨树腐烂病

ZHENGZHUANG:FULANBINGZHUYAOWEIHAIZHUGAN、ZHUZHI,FABINGHOUDEZHUYAOZHENGZHUANGTEDIANSHI:SHOUHAIBUWEIPICENGCHENGDANHESEZHIHONGHESEFULAN,FULANPICENGYOUJIUZAOWEI,HOUQIBINGBUSHISHUIGANSUO,BIAOMIANSANSHENGCHUXUDUOXIAOHEIDIAN,CHAOSHISHIXIAOHEIDIANSHANGKEYICHUJUHUANGSESIZHUANGWU。ZAIZHUGAN、ZHUZHISHANGXINGCHENGKUIYANGXINGBINGBAN,QINGSHIDAOZHISHUSHISHUAIRUO,YANZHONGSHIZAOCHENGSIZHI、SISHU。ZAIJIAOXIAOZHITIAOSHANGDUOXINGCHENGZHIKUXINGBINGBAN,DAOZHIZHITIAOKUSI。

上海11选5FULANBINGJUNZHUYAOZAITIANJIANBINGZHUJIBINGCANTISHANGYUEDONG,BINGJUNTONGGUOFENGYUCHUANBO,DUOCONGSHANGKOUQINRANWEIHAI。GAIBINGJUYOUQIANFUQINRANTEXING,SHUSHISHUAIRUOSHIDAOZHIGAIBINGJIAOZHONGFASHENGWEIHAIDEZHUYAOYINSU,DONGHAICHANGYOUFAFULANBINGYANZHONGFASHENG。

FANGFA:ZHUANGSHUFANGBINGSHIYUFANGFULANBINGDEGENBENCUOSHI,CHANCHUSHUTIDAIJUNNENGYOUXIAOYUFANGBINGBANXINGCHENG,JISHIZHILIAOBINGBANBIMIANZAOCHENGSIZHI、SISHU。ZAOCHUNSHIDANGGUACHUCUPI、QIAOPI,RANHOUPENSA77%DUONING300~400BEIYE、HUO60%TONGJIA400~600BEIYE、HUO30%LONGDENGFULIAN400~600BEIYE,(SHAMIECANYUBINGJUN。FULANBINGYANZHONGFASHENGQU,7~9YUEFENHAIKESHIYONGSHANGSHUYAOJITUGAN1CI。BINGBANFASHENGHOUJISHIJINXINGGUAZHI,RANHOUSHANGKOUTUYAOBAOHU。

常见梨树病虫害以及防治方案

4、梨树木腐病

ZHENGZHUANG:MUFUBINGZHUYAOWEIHAISHUAIRUOSHUDEZHUGAN、ZHUZHI,ZAOCHENGMUZHIBUFUXIU。BINGSHUZHIGANCHENGZAILIJIANGDI,RONGYIZHEDUAN。ZHIGANBIAOMIANHUOSHANGKOUCHUCHANSHENGYOUHUIBAISEZHIHUANGHESEDEBINGJUNJIEGOU,CHANGJIANXINGZHUANGYOUMATIZHUANG、BEIQIAOZHUANG、FUWAZHUANG、GAOYAOZHUANGDENG。

上海11选5MUFUBINGJUNZHUYAOZAIBINGSHUJIBINGCANTISHANGYUEDONG,ZHUYAOCONGSHANGKOUJINXINGQINRAN,ZAIMUZHIBUNEIKUOZHANWEIHAI。SHUSHISHUAIRUO、JIXIESHANGKOUDUOSHIYOUFAGAIBINGDEZHUYAOYINSU。

FANGFA:JIAQIANGZAIPEIGUANLI、PEIQIANGSHUSHI、ZHUANGSHUFANGBINGSHIGUANJIAN,FUZHUYISHANGKOUTUYAOBAOHU。JITUYAOBAOHUGEZHONGJIXIESHANGKOU,RUJIANKOU、JUKOU、ZHIGANBINGHAISHANGKOUDENG,CHANGYONGYOUXIAOYAOJIYOU:JIAJITUOBUJINYOUGAO(70%JIAJITUOBUJIN︰ZHIWUYOU=1︰20)。

5、梨树轮纹病

ZHENGZHUANG:LUNWENBINGZHUYAOWEIHAIZHIGANHEGUOSHI。ZAIZHIGANSHANGXINGCHENGYIPIKONGWEIZHONGXINDEYOUZHUANGBINGBAN,BINGBANLIANNIANKUOZHAN、KAILIE,XINGCHENGLUNWENZHUANGBINGBAN;YANZHONGSHIBINGBANLIANPIAN,DAOZHISHUPICUCAO,GUYOUCHENG“CUPIBING”。ZAIGUOSHISHANG,DUOCONGJINCHENGSHUQIKAISHIFABING,CAISHOUQIZHIZHUYUNQIJIXUFABING,XINGCHENGHESEZHISHENHESELUNWENZHUANGFULANBINGBAN,BINGZUZHIRUANLAN,KEZHIDAGUOXIN;YANZHONGSHI,YIGEGUOSHISHANGYOUDUOGEFULANBINGBAN。

LUNWENBINGJUNZAIZHIGANBINGBANSHANGYUEDONG,SHENGZHANGQIYICHUBINGJUNBAOZI,TONGGUOFENGYUCHUANBOJINXINGQINRANWEIHAI。GUOSHISHOUHAI,CONGLUOHUAHOU10TIANZUOYOUJIKEFASHENG,ZHIDAOPIKONGFENGBIHOUJIESHU。DANYOUGUOSHOUHAIHOUBINGJUNCHENGQIANFUZHUANGTAI,ZHIDAOGUOSHIJINCHENGSHUQICAIZHUJIANDAOZHIFABING、ZAOCHENGGUOSHIFULAN。

FANGFA:SHOUXIANXIAOMIEYUEDONGJUNYUAN,JISHIDANGGUACUPIHEFAYAQIANPENSHICHANCHUXINGYAOJI,RU30%LONGDENGFULIAN400~600BEIYE、60%TONGJIA300~400BEIYE、77%DUONING300~400BEIYEDENG。QICIWEISHENGZHANGQIPENYAOBAOHUGUOSHI,JICONGLUOHUAHOU10TIANZUOYOUKAISHIPENYAO,10~15TIAN1CI,LIANPEN3CIYAOHOUTAODAI,BUTAODAIGUOZELIANXUPENYAOZHIPIKONGFENGBIHOUJIESHU;YOUXIAOYAOJIYOU:JIAJITUOBUJIN800~1000BEIYE、LONGDENGFULIAN1000~1200BEIYE、TONGWANG600~800BEIYE、TAISHENG800~1000BEIYE、MEIPAIAN600~800BEIYEDENG。

6、梨树干腐病

ZHENGZHUANG:GANFUBINGZHUYAOWEIHAIZHIGAN,QIANQIBINGBANSHUANPIKAILIE、QIAOQI,CHENG“YOUPI”ZHUANG,HOUQIBINGBANSHISHUI、GANSUOAOXIAN,PICENGZONGHENGGUILIE,CHANGDAOZHISHUSHISHUAIRUO。GAIBINGYEKEWEIHAIGUOSHI,DAOZHIGUOSHICHENGLUNWENZHUANGFULAN。

GANFUBINGJUNZAIZHIGANBINGBANJIBINGCANTISHANGYUEDONG,ZHUYAOTONGGUOFENGYUCHUANBO,DUOCONGSHANGKOUQINRANWEIHAI。

FANGFA:JIAQIANGZAIPEIGUANLI、ZHUANGSHUFANGBINGWEIZHONGXIN。ZHONGBINGBANSHIDANGGUAZHI,RANHOUSHANGKOUTUYAOBAOHU,YEKEJIEHEQINGYUAN,ZAIFAYAQIANPENSHICHANCHUXINGYAOJI,RULONGDENGFULIAN400~600BEIYE、DUONING300~400BEIYE、TONGJIA400~600BEIYEDENG。

常见梨树病虫害以及防治方案

7、梨黑星病

ZHENGZHUANG:HEIXINGBINGZHUYAOWEIHAIYEPIAN、GUOSHIHEXINSHAO,YEKEQINHAIYEBING、GUOBINGDENG,QIZHUYAOZHENGZHUANGTEDIANSHIZAIBINGBANBIAOMIANCHANSHENGYOUMOLVSEZHIHEISEMEIZHUANGWU。YEPIANSHOUHAI,MEIZHUANGWUZHUYAOCHANSHENGZAIYEBEI,YOUSHIYEZHENGMIANYEKECHANSHENG。GUOSHISHOUHAI,BINGBANCHUQIHUANGLVSE,HOUBIAOMIANPINGHUOAOXIAN、SHENZHIFASHENGGUILIE,YOUSHITAODAIGUOSHIYEKESHOUHAI。XINSHAOFABING,YOUBINGYAMENGFAXINGCHENG,CONGXIAZHISHANGZHUJIANCHANSHENGHEISEMEICENG,HOUQIBINGSHAODUOGANKU。

HEIXINGBINGJUNZHUYAOZAIBINGYAJILUOYESHANGYUEDONG,ZHUYAOTONGGUOFENGYUHEQILIUCHUANBOJINXINGQINRANWEIHAI。TIANJIANYOUDUOCIZAIQINRAN,LIUXINGXINGHENQIANG。YEPIANSHOUHAIZHUYAOFASHENGZAIYOUNENJIEDUAN,ZHANYE1GEYUEHOUKANGBINGXINGHENQIANG。GUOSHISHOUHAI,ZHENGGESHENGZHANGQIJUNKEFASHENG,DANGUOSHIYUEJIEJINCHENGSHUKANGBINGXINGYUEDI。

FANGFA:ZAIGAOHAOGUOYUANWEISHENGDEJICHUSHANGYIYAOJIFANGZHIWEIZHU,GUANJIANYAOZHUAZHULUOHUAHOU1.5GEYUEHECAISHOUQIAN1.5GEYUE(BUTAODAIGUO),FENBIEGEPENYAO3~4CI。YOUXIAOYAOJIRU:30%LONGDENGFULIAN800~1000BEIYE、80%TAISHENG800~1000BEIYE、50%MEIPAIAN600~800BEIYE、77%DUONING800~1000BEIYEJIBENMIJIAHUANZUO、JINGJUNZUODENG。

8、梨黑斑病

ZHENGZHUANG:HEIBANBINGZHUYAOWEIHAIYEPIAN,CHUQIBINGBANWEIHEIHESEXIAOYUANBAN,KUOZHANHOUXINGCHENGJINYUANXINGHESEZHIHEIHESEBINGBAN,ZHONGBUYANSEJIAODAN,WAIWEIYANSEJIAOSHEN,YOUSHICHENGTONGXINLUNWENZHUANG。BINGBANDUOSHI,YEPIANAOTUBUPING,SHENZHIPOLIE,YANZHONGSHIDAOZHIZAOQILUOYE。

HEIBANBINGJUNZHUYAOZAILUOYESHANGYUEDONG,TONGGUOFENGYUCHUANBOJINXINGQINRANWEIHAI。TIANJIANYOUDUOCIZAIQINRAN。GAOWEN、GAOSHIYOULIYUBINGHAIFASHENG。

上海11选5FANGFA:ZAIGAOHAOGUOYUANWEISHENGDEJICHUSHANGYIYAOJIFANGZHIWEIZHU。CONGBINGHAIFASHENGCHUQIKAISHIPENYAO,10~15TIAN1CI,LIANPEN3~5CI。YOUXIAOYAOJIRU:30%LONGDENGFULIAN1000~1200BEIYE、41%JIALIU•WUZUOCHUN800~1000BEIYE、430KE/SHENGWUZUOCHUN4000~5000BEIYE、80%TAISHENG800~1000BEIYE、50%MEIPAIAN600~800BEIYE、45%TONGJUN1000~1500BEIYEDENG。

9、梨红粉病

ZHENGZHUANG:HONGFENBINGZHUYAOWEIHAIGUOSHI,DUOWEILINGXINGFASHENG,YIJINCHENGSHUQIGUOSHISHOUHAIJIAOZHONG。BINGGUOCHENGDANHESEZHIHESEFULAN,BIAOMIANCHANSHENGYOUDANFENHONGSEMEIZHUANGWUWEIGAIBINGDESHIBIEYAODIAN。GAIBINGDUOCONGSHANGKOUCHUKAISHIFASHENG,RULIESHANG、JIXIESHANG、BINGHAISHANGDENG。

上海11选5FANGFA:JIAQIANGZAIPEIGUANLI,GAOHAOQITABINGCHONGHAIFANGZHI。GEBIEBINGHAIJIAOZHONGGUOYUAN,CONGGUOSHIJINCHENGSHUQIKAISHIPENYAOYUFANG,10~15TIAN1CI,LIANPEN2CIZUOYOU。