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鼎旺苗木讲解冬季如何做好梨树养护

发布时间:2018-12-15 10:08:35作者:鼎旺苗木tags: 梨树养护

鼎旺苗木讲解冬季如何做好梨树养护:

加强梨树冬季管理是实现其高效益的重要技术措施,这对于克服梨树“大小年”结果现象,提高梨树产量及品质都具有十分重要的作用。幼树的修剪根据梨树的特性,修剪量要轻,少疏多缓放,多利用辅养枝:由于梨树成枝力较低,选择性小,所以要连枝作形,主枝角度可以较小,特别注意上强下弱现象。

一、冬季梨树修剪要点:

上海11选51. DIYICENGZHUZHIDEXUANLIU。DINGGANHOUDIYINIAN,BULUNNENGXUANCHUYIGEHAISHILIANGGEZHUZHI,DUIXUANCHUDEZHITIAO,BUZU 30 LIMIDEBUDUANJIE,JIANGXUANZUOZHONGGANYANZHANGZHIDEZHITIAOSHIDANGDUANJIE,DUIXUANZUOZHUZHIYIWAIDEZHONGZHIHUODUANZHIBUDUANJIEHUOSHUJIAN,DAIDIERNIANZHEIXIEZHONG、DUANZHISHENGZHANGZHUANHUACHENGZHANGZHI,KEXUANZUOZHUZHIHUOFUYANGZHI。LISHUZAIYOUSHUZHENGXINGQI,ZHUZHI 35~40 DUJIAOJIKE,YIBANBUCHAOGUO 45 DUJIAO。

2. ZHUCEZHIDEPEIYANG。YOUYULIYOUXIEPINZHONGFAZHISHAO,SUOYIGUGANZHIDEXUANLIUYAOLINGHUO,ZHUYIDUOLIU。ZHUZHIKEYIJINLINJIE。YOUSHU 3~4 NIANSHENGYAOJINLIANGDUOLIUZHISHAOSHUZHI,DUOLIUDEZHIJIKEZUOWEIZAOJIEGUODEFUYANGZHI,DAI 3~4 NIANHOUZHITIAOZENGDUO,ZAIFENQINGZHU、CEZHI,RANHOUJINYIBUPEIYANG。CEZHIZAIZHUZHISHANGPAILIEYEYAOLINGHUO,ZHANGWOYOUZHIJIUYONG、YOUKONGJIULIUDEYUANZE,ZHITIAOSHAODELISHUPINZHONG,KEYONGHOUSHENGZHIPEIYANG,RUWUCEZHI,KEXIANPEIYANGHAOZHUZHI,DAISHULINGZHANGDA,FENZHIJIAOKAIZHANGHOU,KEYOUHOUSHENGDECESHENGDEFENZHIFASHENG,RANHOUZAIPEIYANG。

3. LIYONGFUYANGZHI:YOUSHUQIYAODUOLIUDUOYONGFUYANGZHI,TONGGUODUIZHANGZHIDEHUANFANG,LAZHICUSHIXINGCHENGGUOZHITIZAOJIEGUO。

4.XIUJIANSHIJIAN:ZAILUOYEHOUDE11YUESHANGXUNZHICINIANYIYUEDI,YOUYUPINZHONG、ZAIPEIFANGSHIBUTONG,XIUJIANFANGFAGEYI。LISHUZHENGXINGXIUJIANSHIDIAOJIESHUGUANGEBUSHENGZHANGJIEGUODEYIZHONGZAIPEIJISHU。SHUXINGXUANZEYAOFUHELISHUDESHENGZHANGJIEGUOTEXING,SHIQIJUYOULIANGHAODEGUJIA,YOULIYUSHUGUANTONGFENGTOUGUANG,LITIJIEGUO,BIANYUGUANLI,JIEYUESHENGCHANCHENGBEN。

5.JIEGUOZHIZUDEPEIZHI:YINGGENJUKONGJIANDEDAXIAO、JIANGDAXIAOZHIZU,SHANGXIAZUOYOUCHAKONGJIAOCUOPEIZHI,ZUODAODUOERBUMI,ZHIZHIJIANGUANG,LIWAITOUFENG,JIEGUOZHENGCHANG。JIBUZHUZHIZHANQUANSHUDE70%。YIGEZHUZHISHANGZAIJIBUYIPEIZHIZHONGXINGZHIZU,XIANDUANYIPEIXIAOXINGZHIZU,BEISHANGBUYIPEIGUODADEZHIZU,FOUZE,HUIYINGXIANGGUANGZHAOHEZHUZHIZHANGSHI。

上海11选56.DUIJIEGUOZHIDEXIUJIAN:YINGGENJUZHITIAOCUXIQUEDINGHUAYADELIULIANG,CHAOGUO0.7cmDEJIEGUOZHI,YIBANLIU6―7GEHUAYA,GUOXIDEJIEGUOZHIKEBULIUHUAYA。DUIYINGYANGZHIDEXIUJIANYAOYINSHUSHIERDING,SHUSHIJIAOQIANGDE,YINGHUANFANGHUOQINGJIAN,CUJINHUAYAFENHUA;SHUSHIJIAORUODE,YAOSHIDUDUANJIAN,SHISHUSHIZHUJIANZENGQIANG。

二、梨树上海11选5冬季病虫害防治主要工作有:

1、GUASHUPI

上海11选5SUHUASHUO:YAOCHILI,GUASHUPI。ZAIXIUJIANWANCHENGHOU,YINGLIJIDUIDUONIANSHENGLISHUZHUGANSHANGDECULAOPI、QIAOPI、LIEPIGUAJIN,YIJIANSHAOCULAOSHUPIFENGXIZHONGDEYUEDONGBINGCHONG。

2、QINGYUANDAFENGYUANYAO

ZAILUOYEHOU,YAOJISHIQINGSAOGUOYUANLUOYE,QINGCHUKUZHIHEFEIGUODAI,ZHAICHUJIANGGUO,CHANCHUGUOYUANDEZACAO,JIZHONGSHAOHUI。DUIYUDIAOZHISHENGHEDINGZHIGANDENGZAIYONGHOUYINGJISHISHAOHUI,DUIYUCAIGUOKUANG、GUOXIANGYAOPENSHACHONGJIHOUZAISHIYONG。ZAISHANGSHUGONGZUOWANCHENGHOU,YINGLIJIDUIQUANSHUPENBOMEI5DUSHILIUHEJI,XIAOMIEYUEDONGBINGCHONG。

3、SHUGANSHUABAI

WEIFANGZHIBINGCHONGHEDONGHAI,11―12YUEYINGDUILISHUZHUGANBUFENSHUABAI。TUBAIJIDEPEIZHIFANGFA:SHENGSHIHUI6―6.5Kg,SHILIUHEJIYUANYE(BOMEI20DU)1KgHUOCANYE,SHIYAN1Kg,QINGSHUI15KgHUNHEZHICHENG。RUZAIJIANIUYOU100g,DOUJIANGSHILIANG,KEFANGZHIYAOJIGUOZAOTUOLUO,XIAOGUOGENGHAO。